Every age, every race, has its leaders and heroes. There were over sixty distinct tribes of Indians
on this continent, each of which boasted its notable men. The names and deeds of some of these men will live in American history,
yet in the true sense they are unknown, because misunderstood. I should like to present some of the greatest chiefs of modern
times in the light of the native character and ideals, believing that the American people will gladly do them tardy justice.
Charles A. Eastman
I am using this quote from Charles Eastman because he says it so much better than I. These men in Native History
were truly eloquent. How could the government have not listened?
"Is it wrong for me to love my own? Is it wicked for me because my skin is red? Because I am Sioux? Because I
was born where my father lived? Because I would die for my people and my country? God made me an Indian." Chief Sitting Bull
Behold, my brothers, the spring has come; the earth has received the embraces of the sun and we shall soon see
the results of that love! Every seed has awakened and so has all animal life. It is through this mysterious power that we
too have our being and we therefore yield to our neighbours, even our animal neighbours, the same right as ourselves, to inhabit
this land. Yet hear me, my people, we have now to deal with another race - small and feeble when our fathers first met them,
but now great and overbearing. Strangely enough they have a mind to till the soil and the love of possessions is a disease
with them . . . They claim this mother of ours, the earth, for their own, and fence their neighbours away; they deface her
with their buildings and their refuse. They threaten to take [the land] away from us. My brothers, shall we submit, or shall
we say to them: "First kill me before you take possession of my Fatherland."
Sitting Bulls Speech at the Powder River
Suppose a white man should come to me and say, Joseph, I like your horses. I want to buy them. I say to him, No,
my horses suit me; I will not sell them. Then he goes to my neighbor and says, Pay me money, and I will sell you Joseph's
horses. The white man returns to me and says, Joseph, I have bought your horses and you must let me have them. If we sold
our lands to the government, this is the way they bought them. Chief Joseph
We were taught to believe that the Great Spirit sees and hears everything, and that he never forgets, that hereafter
he will give every man a spirit home according to his deserts; If he has been a good man, he will have a good home; if he
has been a bad man, he will have a bad home. This I believe, and all my people believe the same. Chief Joseph
It does not require many words to speak the truth. Chief Joseph
"We live, we die, and like the grass and trees, renew ourselves from the soft clods of the grave. Stones crumble
and decay, faiths grow old and they are forgotten but new beliefs are born. The faith of the villages is dust now...but it
will grow again....like the trees. May serenity circle on silent wings and catch the whisper of the winds." Chief Joseph of
the Nez Perce
"If the white man wants to live in peace with the Indian, he can live in peace.....Treat all men alike. Give them
all the same law. Give them all an even chance to live and grow. All men were made by the same Great Spirit Chief. They are
all brothers. The Earth is the mother of all people, and all people should have equal rights upon it.......Let me be a free
man, free to travel, free to stop, free to work, free to trade....where I choose my own teachers, free to follow the religion
of my fathers, free to think and talk and act for myself, and I will obey every law, or submit to the penalty." Chief Joseph,
Chief Joseph tried every possible appeal to the federal authorities to return the Nez Perce to the land of their
ancestors. In 1885, he was sent along with many of his band to a reservation in Washington where, according to the reservation
doctor, he later died of a broken heart.
The following quotes are attributated to Chief Seattle. There is much controversary as to whether these are his
words or a modern screen writers words. I feel these sentiments to be worth sharing in either case. L.F.
"Will you teach your children what we have taught our children? That the earth is our mother? What
befalls the earth befalls all the sons of the earth. "This we know: the earth does not belong to man, man belongs to the earth.
All things are connected like the blood that unites us all. Man did not weave the web of life, he is merely a strand in it.
Whatever he does to the web, he does to himself. "One thing we know: our god is also your god. The earth is precious to him
and to harm the earth is to heap contempt on its creator. Chief Seattle
Crazy Horse - Sioux "I was hostile to the white man...We preferred hunting to a life of idleness on our reservations.
At times we did not get enough to eat and we were not allowed to hunt. All we wanted was peace and to be let alone. Soldiers
came...in the winter..and destroyed our villages. Then Long Hair (Custer) came...They said we massacred him, but he would
have done the same to us. Our first impulse was to escape...but we were so hemmed in we had to fight. After that I lived in
peace, but the government would not let me alone. I was not allowed to remain quiet. I was tired of fighting...They tried
to confine me..and a soldier ran his bayonet into me. I have spoken.
Lone Man (Isna-la-wica) Teton Sioux ... I have seen that in any great undertaking it is not enough for a man to
depend simply upon himself.
It matters little where we pass the remnant of our days. They will not be many. The Indian's night promises to
be dark. Not a single star of hope hovers above his horizon. Sad-voiced winds moan in the distance. Grim fate seems to be
on the Red Man's trail, and wherever he will hear the approaching footsteps of his fell destroyer and prepare stolidly to
meet his doom, as does the wounded doe that hears the approaching footsteps of the hunter. A few more moons, a few more winters,
and not one of the descendants of the mighty hosts that once moved over this broad land or lived in happy homes, protected
by the Great Spirit, will remain to mourn over the graves of a people once more powerful and hopeful than yours. But why should
I mourn at the untimely fate of my people? Tribe follows tribe, and nation follows nation, like the waves of the sea. It is
the order of nature, and regret is useless. Your time of decay may be distant, but it will surely come, for even the White
Man whose God walked and talked with him as friend to friend, cannot be exempt from the common destiny. We may be brothers
after all. We will see. Chief Seattle
Legend of the Cherokee Rose
When the Trail of Tears started in 1838, the mothers of the Cherokee
were grieving and crying so much, they were unable to help their children survive the journey. The elders prayed for a sign
that would lift the mother's spirits to give them strength. The next day, a beautiful rose began to grow where each of the
mother's tears fell. The rose is white for their tears, a gold center represents the gold taken from Cherokee lands, and seven
leaves on each stem for the seven Cherokee clans. The wild Cherokee Rose grows along the route of the Trail of Tears into
eastern Oklahoma today.
Taken from the 1927 Grand Council of American Indians.
"The white people who are trying to make
us over into their image, they want us to be what they call assimilated, bringing the Indians into the mainstream and destroying
our own way of life and our own cultural patterns. They believe we should be contented like those whose concept of happiness
is materialistic and greedy, which is very different from our way. We want freedom from the white man rather than to be integrated.
We don't want any part of the establishment, we want to be free to raise our children in our religion, in our ways, to be
able to hunt and fish and to live in peace. We don't want power, we don't want to be congressmen, bankers, we want to be ourselves.
We want to have our heritage, because we are the owners of this land and because we belong here. The white man says there
is freedom and justice for all. We have had "freedom and justice," and that is why we have been almost exterminated. We shall
not forget this."