The Fourth Tablet
They prepared for him a lordly chamber,
Before his fathers as prince he took his place.
"Thou art chiefest among
the great gods,
Thy fate is unequaled, thy word is Anu!
0 Marduk, thou art chiefest among the great gods,
is unequaled, thy word is Anu!
Henceforth not without avail shall be thy command,
In thy power shall it be to exalt
and to abase.
Established shall be the word of thy mouth,
irresistible shall be thy command,
None among the gods
shall transgress thy boundary.
Abundance, the desire of the shrines of the gods,
Shall be established in thy sanctuary,
even though they lack offerings.
O Marduk, thou art our avenger!
We give thee sovereignty over the whole world.
thou down in might; be exalted in thy command.
Thy weapon shall never lose its power; it shall crush thy foe.
spare the life of him that putteth his trust in thee,
But as for the god who began the rebellion, pour out his life."
set they in their midst a garment,
And unto Marduk,- their first-born they spake:
"May thy fate, O lord, be supreme
among the gods,
To destroy and to create; speak thou the word,
and thy command shall be fulfilled.
Command now and
let the garment vanish;
And speak the word again and let the garment reappear!
Then he spake with his mouth, and the
Again he commanded it, and the garment reappeared.
When the gods, his fathers, beheld the fulfillment
of his word,
They rejoiced, and they did homage unto him, saying, " Marduk is king!"
They bestowed upon him the scepter,
and the throne, and the ring,
They give him an invincible weaponry which overwhelmeth the foe.
Go, and cut off the life
And let the wind carry her blood into secret places."
After the gods his fathers had decreed for the lord
They caused him to set out on a path of prosperity and success.
He made ready the bow, he chose his weapon,
slung a spear upon him and fastened it...
He raised the club, in his right hand he grasped it,
The bow and the quiver
he hung at his side.
He set the lightning in front of him,
With burning flame he filled his body.
He made a net to
enclose the inward parts of Tiamat,
The four winds he stationed so that nothing of her might escape;
The South wind
and the North wind and the East wind and the West wind.
He brought near to the net, the gift of his father Anu.
the evil wind, and the tempest, and the hurricane,
And the fourfold wind, and the sevenfold wind,
and the whirlwind,
and the wind which had no equal;
He sent forth the winds which he bad created, the seven of them;
To disturb the inward
parts of Tiamat, they followed after him.
Then the lord raised the thunderbolt, his mighty weapon,
He mounted the chariot,
the storm unequaled for terror,
He harnessed and yoked unto it four horses,
Destructive, ferocious, overwhelming, and
swift of pace;
... were their teeth, they were flecked with foam;
They were skilled in..., they had been trained to
... . mighty in battle,
Left and right....
His garment was... , he was clothed with terror,
overpowering brightness his head was crowned.
Then he set out, he took his way,
And toward the raging Tiamat he set
On his lips he held ...,
... he grasped in his hand.
Then they beheld him, the gods beheld him,
gods his fathers beheld him, the gods beheld him.
And the lord drew nigh, he gazed upon the inward parts of Tiamat,
perceived the muttering of Kingu, her spouse.
As Marduk gazed, Kingu was troubled in his gait,
His will was destroyed
and his motions ceased.
And the gods, his helpers, who marched by his side,
Beheld their leader's..., and their sight
But Tiamat... , she turned not her neck,
With lips that failed not she uttered rebellious words:
thy coming as lord of the gods,
From their places have they gathered, in thy place are they!"
Then the lord raised
the thunderbolt, his mighty weapon,
And against Tiamat, who was raging, thus he sent the word:
Thou art become great,
thou hast exalted thyself on high,
And thy heart hath prompted thee to call to battle.
... their fathers...,
their... thou hatest...
Thou hast exalted Kingu to be thy spouse,
Thou hast... him, that, even as Anu, he should issue
thou hast followed after evil,
And against the gods my fathers thou hast
contrived thy wicked plan.
then thy host be equipped, let thy weapons be girded on!
Stand! I and thou, let us join battle!
When Tiamat heard these
She was like one possessed; she lost her reason.
Tiamat uttered wild, piercing cries,
She trembled and shook
to her very foundations.
She recited an incantation, she pronounced her spell,
And the gods of the battle cried out
for their weapons.
Then advanced Tiamat and Marduk, the counselor of the gods;
To the fight they came on, to the battle
they drew nigh.
The lord spread out his net and caught her,
And the evil wind that was behind him he let loose in her
As Tiamat opened her mouth to its full extent,
He drove in the evil wind, while as yet she had not shut her lips.
terrible winds filled her belly,
And her courage was taken from her,
and her mouth she opened wide.
He seized the
spear and burst her belly,
He severed her inward parts, he pierced her heart.
He overcame her and cut off her life;
cast down her body and stood upon it.
When be had slain Tiamat, the leader,
Her might was broken, her host was scattered.
the gods her helpers, who marched by her side,
Trembled, and were afraid, and turned back.
They took to flight to save
But they were surrounded, so that they could not escape.
He took them captive, he broke their weapons;
the net they were caught and in the snare they sat down.
The ... of the world they filled with cries of grief.
received punishment from him, they were held in bondage.
And on the eleven creatures which she had filled with the power
of striking terror,
Upon the troop of devils, who marched at her...,
He brought affliction, their strength he...;
and their opposition he trampled under his feet.
Moreover, Kingu, who had been exalted over them,
He conquered, and
with the god Dug-ga he counted him.
He took from him the Tablets of Destiny that were not rightly his,
He sealed them
with a seal and in his own breast he laid them.
Now after the hero Marduk had conquered and cast down his enemies,
had made the arrogant foe even like
And had fully established Ansar's triumph over the enemy
And had attained the purpose
Over the captive gods he strengthened his durance,
And unto Tiamat, whom be bad conquered, be returned.
the lord stood upon Tiamat's hinder parts,
And with his merciless club he smashed her skull.
He cut through the channels
of her blood,
And he made the North wind bear it away into secret places.
His fathers beheld, and they rejoiced and
Presents and gifts they brought unto him.
Then the lord rested, gazing upon her dead body,
While he divided
the flesh of the ... , and devised a cunning plan.
He split her up like a flat fish into two halves;
One half of her
he established as a covering for heaven.
He fixed a bolt, he stationed a watchman,
And bade them not to let her waters
He passed through the heavens, he surveyed the regions thereof,
And over against the Deep he set the dwelling
And the lord measured the structure of the Deep,
And he founded E-sara, a mansion like unto it.
mansion E-sara which he created as heaven,
He caused Anu, Bel, and Ea in their districts to inhabit.
The Fifth Tablet
He (Marduk) made the stations for the great gods;
The stars, their images, as the stars of the Zodiac, he fixed.
ordained the year and into sections he divided it;
For the twelve months he fixed three stars.
After he had ... the
days of the year ... images,
He founded the station of Nibir
to determine their bounds;
That none might err or go
He set the station of Bel and Ea along with him.
He opened great gates on both sides,
He made strong the
bolt on the left and on the right.
In the midst thereof he fixed the zenith;
The Moon-god he caused to shine forth,
the night he entrusted to him.
He appointed him, a being of the night, to determine the days;
Every month without ceasing
with the crown he covered him, saying:
"At the beginning of the month, when thou shinest upon the land,
the horns to determine six days,
And on the seventh day to divide the crown.
On the fourteenth day thou shalt stand
opposite, the half…
When the Sun-god on the foundation of heaven...thee,
The ... thou shalt cause to ..., and
thou shalt make his...
... unto the path of the Sun-god shalt thou cause to draw nigh,
And on the ... day thou shalt
stand opposite, and the Sun-god shall...
... to traverse her way.
... thou shalt cause to draw nigh, and thou shalt
judge the right.
... to destroy..."
[Nearly fifty lines are here lost.]
The gods, his fathers, beheld the net which he had made,
They beheld the bow and how its work was accomplished.
praised the work which he had done...
Then Anu raised the ... in the assembly of the gods.
He kissed the bow, saving,
And thus he named the names of the bow, saving,
'Long-wood' shall be one name, and the second name shall
And its third name shall be the Bow-star, in heaven shall it...!"
Then he fixed a station for it...
after the fate of...
He set a throne…
[The remainder of this tablet is missing.]
The Sixth Tablet
When Marduk beard the word of the gods,
His heart prompted him and he devised a cunning plan.
He opened his mouth
and unto Ea he spake That which he had conceived in his heart he imparted unto him:
"My blood will I take and bone will
I will make man, that man may
I will create man who shall inhabit the earth,
That the service of the gods
may be established,
and that their shrines may be built.
But I will alter the ways of the gods, and I will change their
Together shall they be oppressed and unto evil shall they...
And Ea answered him and spake the word:
the ... of the gods I have changed
... and one...
... shall be destroyed and men will I...
... and the gods .
[The rest of the text is lacking, with the exception of the last few lines of the tablet, which read as follows.]
In Upsukkinnaku they set their dwelling.
Of the heroic son, their avenger, they cried:
whom he succored.... !"
They seated themselves and in the assembly they named him...,
They all cried aloud, they exalted
The Seventh Tablet
O Asari, [Marduk] "Bestower of planting," "Founder of sowing"
"Creator of grain and plants," "who caused the green herb
to spring up!"
O Asaru-alim, [Mardk] "who is revered in the house of counsel," "who aboundeth in counsel,"
paid homage, fear took hold upon them!
O Asaru-alim-nuna, [Marduk] "the Mighty One," "the Light of the father who begat
" "Who directeth the decrees of Anu Bel, and Ea!"
He was their patron, be ordained their...;
He, whose provision
is abundance, goeth forth...
Tutu [Marduk] is "He who created them anew";
Should their wants be pure, then are they
Should he make an incantation, then are the gods appeased;
Should they attack him in anger, he withstandeth
Let him therefore be exalted, and in the assembly of the gods let him...;
None among the gods can rival
15 Tutu [Marduk] is Zi-ukkina, "the Life of the host of the gods,"
Who established for the gods the bright heavens.
set them on their way, and ordained their path;
Never shall his ... deeds be forgotten among men.
Tutu as Zi-azag thirdly
they named, "the Bringer of Purification,"
"The God of the Favoring Breeze," "the Lord of Hearing and Mercy,"
Creator of Fullness and Abundance," " the Founder of Plenteousness,"
"Who increaseth all that is small."
In sore distress
we felt his favoring breeze,"
Let them say, let them pay reverence, let them bow in humility before him!
Tutu as Aga-azag
may mankind fourthly magnify!
"The Lord of the Pure Incantation," " the Quickener of the Dead,"
"Who had mercy upon
the captive gods,"
"Who removed the yoke from upon the gods his enemies,"
"For their forgiveness did he create mankind,"
"The Merciful One, with whom it is to bestow life!"
May his deeds endure, may they never be forgotten,
In the mouth
of mankind whom his hands have made!
Tutu as Mu-azag, fifthly, his "Pure incantation" may their mouth proclaim,
through his Pure Incantation hath destroyed all the evil ones!"
Sag-zu, [Marduk] "who knoweth the heart of the gods,"
" who seeth through the innermost part!"
"The evil-doer he hath not caused to go forth with him!"
"Founder of the
assembly of the gods," who ... their heart!"
"Subduer of the disobedient," "...!"
"Director of Righteousness," "...,"
Who rebellion and...!"
Tutu as Zi-si, "the ...,"
"Who put an end to anger," "who...!"
Tutu as Suh-kur, thirdly,
"the Destroyer of the foe,"
"Who put their plans to confusion,"
"Who destroyed all the wicked," "...,"
[A gap of sixty lines exists here. The following fragments belong among the lost lines.]
He named the four quarters of the world, mankind he created,
And upon him understanding...
"The Creator of the earth...!"
"The Giver of counsel and of whatsoever...!"
Mummu, " the Creator of...!"
Mulil, the heavens...,
"Who brought the gods
... " the Chief of all lords,"
... supreme is his might!
Lugal-durmah, "the King of the band of
the gods," " the Lord of rulers."
"Who is exalted in a royal habitation,"
"Who among the gods is gloriously supreme!
" the Counselor of Ea," who created the gods his fathers,
Unto the path of whose majesty
No god can ever attain!
in Dul-azag be made it known,
... pure is his dwelling!
... the... of those without understanding is Lugaldul-azaga!
supreme is his might!
... their... in the midst of Tiamat,
... of the battle!
[Here follows the better-preserved ending.]
... the star, which shineth in the heavens.
May he hold the Beginning and the Future, may they pay homage unto him,
"He who forced his way through the midst of Tiamat without resting,
Let his name be Nibiru, "the Seizer of the Midst!"
For the stars of heaven he upheld the paths,
He shepherded all the gods like sheep!
He conquered Tiamat, he troubled
and ended her life,
In the future of mankind, when the days grow old,
May this be heard without ceasing; may it hold
Since he created the realm of heaven and fashioned the firm earth,
The Lord of the World, the father Bel
hath called his name.
This title, which all the Spirits of Heaven proclaimed,
Did Ea hear, and his spirit was rejoiced,
and he said:
"He whose name his fathers have made glorious,
Shall be even as I, his name shall be Ea!
of all my decrees shall he control,
All my commands shall he make known!"
By the name of "Fifty" did the great gods
his fifty names, they, made his path preeminent.
Let them [i.e. the names of Marduk] be held in remembrances and let the first man proclaim them;
Let the wise and the
understanding consider them together!
Let the father repeat them and teach them to his son;
Let them be in the ears
of the pastor and the shepherd!
Let a man rejoice in Marduk, the Lord of the gods,
That be may cause his land to be
fruitful, and that he himself may have prosperity!
His word standeth fast, his command is unaltered;
of his mouth hath no god ever annulled.
He gazed in his anger, he turned not his neck;
When he is wroth, no god can
withstand his indignation.
Wide is his heart, broad is his compassion;
The sinner and evil-doer in his presence...
received instruction, they spake before him,
... of Marduk may the gods...;
... May they ... his name...
... they took and...